Macular degeneration usually impacts older adults and involves a loss of vision. This loss of vision is most often associated with damage to the retina. The results can be quite serious as macular degeneration can result in substantial vision loss.
Macular degeneration comes in two different classifications. The first is "dry AMD," which accounts for the vast majority of macular degeneration cases. The second classification, and the one that we are concerned with in this article, is "wet AMD." Wet AMD causes a loss of vision due to problems with abnormal blood vessel growth.
In general, macular degeneration affects central vision. Thus, if you begin to experience a decrease in your central vision, it is important that you consult your doctor immediately. Blind spots and blurry spots may also be a sign of macular degeneration as well.
Age is a major factor in macular degeneration; however, many people are surprised to learn that a family history is also a significant risk factor. Thus, older people and those with a family history will want to pay special attention to the steps that can be taken to help avoid both wet and dry macular degeneration.
Since there is no way to predict macular degeneration before its onset, researchers are currently working on an eye test that will allow people to find out if they are likely to get this disease. The Queensland University of Technology has developed a test that will see if people have small visual impairments that can determine whether this will be an issue that impacts them in the future.
In general, macular degeneration risk factors include smoking and exposure to sunlight. However, this does not mean that you should avoid sunlight unless told to do so by your doctor. Sunlight plays an important role in health due to sunlight's ability to help the body synthesize vitamin D.
What Can You Do to Decrease Your Chances of Macular Degeneration? Losing weight, avoiding smoking and following a good diet are all ways that you can help decrease your chances for macular degeneration. A diet rich in vegetables and fruits brings with it many nutrients, vitamins and minerals that can help you maintain the health of your eyes.